Question by Smurflz: Did Russia used to be called soviet union during world war 2?
I’m doing a project about Germany during the reign of Hitler. I know Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, but could I also say that they were invading Russia as well? Basically what I’m asking is if the soviet union and Russia were the same place during WWII?
Answer by Damocles
The short answer is yes.
The Soviet Union was, supposedly, a conglomeration of 53 “countries”. In reality, those “countries” had no attonomy what so ever. It was effectively one big country.
When the Soviet Union broke up, it broke into several countries (I’m sure I’ll miss a few, and misspell some of them): Russia, Ukrane, Georgia, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Kyrzistan, Uzbeckastan. So, while the modern day country of Russia was in the Soviet Union, the Soviet Union included a number of other states too.
Russia was ruled by the Tzars. During WWI, the communists started a civil war, which eventually took over the country, and took a few other countries too. This war started in 1917. I’m not sure exactly when the Communist takeover was complete, but I’m sure it was done by 1923. When did the Soviet Union break up? The late 1990’s?
The “Soviet Union” was known as the U.S.S.R (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), which in Russian comes out C.C.C.P. You may see those acronyms.
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